Note for future readers: These series discuss WPF and Silverlight versions that are current stable versions at the time of this writing – WPF 3.5 and Silverlight 3.
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No OverrideMetadata() Take 2
One thing I didn’t mention in the “No OverrideMetadata()” section of “Part 2: Dependency Properties” is how to add a handler to be called when value of inherited dependency property changes. In WPF you can use OverrideMetadata() method to do it like this:
1: static MyControl()
3: #if !SILVERLIGHT
4: FrameworkPropertyMetadata newMetadata = new FrameworkPropertyMetadata();
5: newMetadata.PropertyChangedCallback += MyControl.VisibilityProperty_Changed;
6: Control.VisibilityProperty.OverrideMetadata(typeof(MyControl), newMetadata);
Then you do what you wanted to do in your handler which is called every time Visibility changes:
1: private static void VisibilityProperty_Changed(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
3: // do something here
As you know there’s no OverrideMetadata() in Silverlight. So what can we do? Unfortunately, to my knowledge, there’s no elegant way to do this. There are however a couple of not so pretty hacks/workarounds. One is described in an answer to a similar question on StackOverflow.
I’ve used another method which involves an extra DependencyProperty declaration and binding of the original dependency property to this one. In the above mentioned case a Silverlight portion for achieving the same result looks like this:
1: #if SILVERLIGHT
2: // declare an extra DependencyProperty for the workaround
3: // It uses the same PropertyChangedCallback as WPF code for Visibility
4: private static readonly DependencyProperty VisibilityChangedWorkaroundProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
5: "VisibilityChangedWorkaround", typeof(Visibility), typeof(MyControl),
6: new PropertyMetadata(MyControl.VisibilityProperty_Changed));
9: public MyControl()
11: #if SILVERLIGHT
12: // visibility changed event workaround
13: Binding visibilityBnd = new Binding("Visibility");
14: visibilityBnd.Source = this;
15: visibilityBnd.Mode = BindingMode.TwoWay;
16: this.SetBinding(MyControl.VisibilityChangedWorkaroundProperty, visibilityBnd);
As you can see above, we’ve declared and extra dependency property called VisibilityChangedWorkaroundProperty and we’ve attached the same handler to it’s property changed event as the one used in the WPF code above. We don’t need a CLR property wrapper for it and we’ve declared it as private so it doesn’t show up anywhere outside of our class. Then in the constructor we bind our new workaround property to the real inherited Visibility property. So, when inherited property changes, our local property changes too, and the callback is called.